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There are dozens of teenage deaths on record in state run and private juvenile rehabilitation facilities since 1980.
The actual number of fatalities is unknown. There are currently no federal laws that define or regulate American owned and operated juvenile rehabilitation centers.

Concerns Regarding Abuse and Death in Certain Programs for Troubled Youth View PDF Report


At Boys’ Home, Seeking Graves, and the Reason – Published by NY Times, February 9, 2013
“…spurred on by families of the dead boys and scores of former students — now old men — forensic anthropologists from the University of South Florida have spent the last year using sophisticated radar equipment to search for answers beneath the 1,400-acre campus.” “…they have counted at least 98 deaths dating from 1913 to 1960.”

List of Deaths and Articles on Deaths in Juvenile Facilities

Martin Anderson Case
Martin Anderson, a 14-year-old from Florida, died while at a boot camp-style youth detention center.

Michelle Sutton Case
Michelle Sutton was a 15-year-old who had enrolled voluntarily to regain self-esteem after an alleged date rape. She died of dehydration on an exhaustingly long hike lead by Gayle Palmer, who had ignored her cries for help.


No Spank
A resource for parents, students, educators, education policymakers, healthcare providers, children’s advocates, and all others who are concerned with the safety and wellbeing of children.

Teen Boot Camps
This page contains information The Rick A. Ross Institute has gathered about Teen Boot Camps.


Bay Community News, June 2014, “Nashville Gets Behind Dead and Abused Children and Families from Florida Dozier School for Boys” by Kevin Earl Wood

The Nashville team behind the production of this song prays that this song will compel others with a heart, and political power, to seek justice for these boys and their families, dead or alive, and bring them peace before and after they are no longer here. And, for the children who died at Dozier who may be lost forever to their families because of being buried in unmarked graves at Dozier with no records created by the State of Florida to find their bodies.

BBC News Magazine, April 15, 2014 “Who are the 55 bodies buried at the Dozier school”
Forensic anthropologists are disinterring the remains of children at a Florida reform school. Former students hope the dig will provide answers about alleged child abuse within the school’s walls.

White House Boys Stories
“My name is Nathaniel Dowling. I am 68 years old. I went FSB in Mariana November of 1958, and I was 15 years old, I stayed there untill April of 1959, and was transfered to Okeechoobee from April to October of 1959. I got out in 1959. The reason I went to FSB is because I was with a man who robbed a man, and the juvenile court sent me to FSB. The court wanted to send me to prison, but I was too young. While at FSB, I worked on the maitenance crew. The job was consisted of keeping the school property clean. While working on the clean up crew, I witnessed children being flogged at a place called the White House, where they flogg you when you do something wrong. I have seen children taken out of my cottage and taken to the White House. When the children come back, they have lots of blood on their underwear. I remember a child ran away and he was in my cottage. He stayed away for 3 days untill the officers caught him. When they did he told me the officers kicked him, punched him in his mouth, hit him upside his head, and took him to the the White House, where they flogged him and gave him 60 licks. The child that ran away have what you called a slab, meaning a piece of meat off his butt. Right to this day, it is still there. How I know? Me and him talk everyday about how we were treated at FSB. Me myself, I was blessed. I only got flogged 1 time. The man that ran the maitenance crew said that I was undressing the officer’s wife by looking at her. They called it reckless eyeballing, I got 50 licks for it. When i got out of FSB, I had no respect for the law. The people at FSB made a mean pearson out of me. I went to prison 2 times involved with police officers, 1 of the charges was resisting arrest, and battery on a police officer. I tell my grandchildren how it was at FSB and they say, “They were mean to you grandaddy”. and I told my grand kids, ” Not olny me, all of the little children were there “. I hope that no other child has to go through what i went through.”

Nate Dowling
A White House Boy from Bradenton,Fl

WWASP Facilities
Correctional institutions for education and treatment of troubled teenagers. Most of which have been shut down for a variety of abuse-related incidents. There are still a handful currently in operation.

WWASP Diaries
This website was created by a WWASP survivor to tell the world about the worst experience of his life and to help discourage parents from making the same decision his parents made.

Juvenile In Justice is a project to document the placement and treatment of American juveniles housed by law in facilities that treat, confine, punish, assist and, occasionally, harm them.

“Dark Side of a Bain success” By Art Levine
A for-profit health company bought by Bain — that Romney profits from — has exploded in size and tales of neglect.

Judge Sentenced to 28 Years in Prison for “Selling” Kids to Private Prisons
Prosecutors said Ciavarella sent juveniles to jail as part of a “kids for cash” scheme involving Robert Mericle, builder of the PA and Western PA Child Care juvenile detention centers. The ex-judge was convicted in February of 12 counts that included racketeering, money laundering, mail fraud and tax evasion.

Camps for troubled kids can be magnets for abuse
Authorities are investigating Chandler’s ranch, amid questions about why a facility where students have alleged abuse in police reports since 2006 has been allowed to operate without a license for nearly 20 years.

The state’s sweeping privatization of its juvenile incarceration system has produced some of the worst re-offending rates in the nation. More than 40 percent of youth offenders sent to one of Florida’s juvenile prisons wind up arrested and convicted of another crime within a year of their release, according to state data. In New York state, where historically no youth offenders have been held in private institutions, 25 percent are convicted again within that timeframe.

Robert Mericle, key figure in Kids for Cash scandal, to serve prison sentence close to home
… Mericle was one of the major players in the juvenile justice scandal involving former Luzerne County judges Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conaha,n who are serving lengthy prison sentences. While on the bench they benefited from a more than $2 million kickback scheme involving the construction of two for-profit juvenile detention centers built by Mericle and the placement of youths in the facilities in Pittston Township and Butler County….

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